Hindustani Shastriya Sangeet (Hindustani Classical Music) #2

20 viewed last edited 2 years ago
Shubhanan Kulkarni

If you have not already, take a look at the Hindustani Shastriya Sangeet (Hindustani Classical Music) #1 blog.

Here is the link to it: https://www.qalaxia.com/#/viewDiscussion?messageId=5bea0a3b619ea35c2362cf16

Before we get started with any of the details on the classical music, we need to understand the origin of it. Hindustani Classical Music has a very long history, so we will break it down into many parts, which means the history will be divided up into many different blogs. Today's blog will cover the first bit of the history. The most commonly known understanding goes like this:

The start of it all began in the Vedic period when the sages were reciting vedas. The vedas have their own origin and stories which can help define what they are, however that is an entire topic on its own for another discussion. The vedas were written by the Saptarishi, and given tunes to recite with. The tunes were all similar and followed some basic structures in the sense that there were only three notes, or what we call Swar, used to recite them: Udatta, Anudatta, and Swarit. In Hindustani Classical terms, those three translate to Komal Nishad, Komal Rishab, and Shadaj. All mantras and Shlokas were also recited this way and this carried on to be the tradition for thousands of years. These three notes would later on transform and evolve into today's Hindustani Classical Music, with many evolutions in between which we will get to in the upcoming blogs, but that is the fundamental knowledge in this bit of history covered today, regarding the origin of Hindustani Classical music.

Sangeetha Pulapaka
Hi Shubhanan, were the terms Udatta, Anudatta, and Swant given by the Saptarishis themselves?
Shubhanan Kulkarni

Hi Sangeetha,

I believe these terms were created by the ancient philologist and grammarian Panini, who lived in the fourth, fifth, or sixth century. (It is not fully known what era he was from)