Help with Spanish objective pronouns - lo and la

16 viewed last edited 5 years ago
Mahesh Godavarti
Can you also give me some examples of how "lo" and "la" are used? Like if I said, "I gave the gift card to him", can one use either "lo" or "la"? Does "lo" depend on the gender of the gift card or on "him"?
Ivan Sanchez
Object pronouns can be confusing even for spanish speakers when explaining how these work :)   Your questions touch on important aspects of object pronouns and I’m going to answer them in the order of your questions:    1. “lo” and “la” are direct object pronouns. The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object and it is this direct object that answers the question “what?” or “whom?” with respect to what the subject of the sentence is doing. For example: a. Juan lo tiene = Juan has it. (direct object = lápiz = “lo”) i. Juan tiene el lápiz. = Juan has the pencil b. María la tiene. =  Maria has it. (direct object = pluma = “la”) i. María tiene la pluma. = María has the pen. 2. Your example, “I gave the gift card to him”, is a little more involved because you have both an indirect and a direct object pronoun in the same sentence. Indirect object pronouns tells us where the direct object is going. Furthermore, there’s a rule that states that whenever both pronouns begin with the letter “l” we need to change the first pronoun to “se”. Here we go: a. Se la di = I gave it to him i. I gave the gift card to him = Yo le di la tarjeta de regalo a él 1. Direct object = tarjeta de regalo = la 2. Indirect Object = él = le, but the singular 3rd person pronoun, “le”, is already there! 3. Since pronouns begin with the letter “l” change the first to “se”.  le la = se la 3. In this case,  “la” depend on the gender of the gift card.