I found an answer from sep.stanford.edu

IMAGE ESTIMATION BY EXAMPLE: Geophysical Soundings Image ...

Apr 7, 2013 **...** itself comes in four flavors: (**1**) drift (**zero** to low frequency), (2) white or ...
ematicians are very good at stating **exactly** what the assumptions are. ...... In
practice **we** typically allocate **equal** space for input and output. ...... 13
**0.00000000** ..... also scale a gradient vector by a positive definite matrix and **we**
can **still**.

For more information, see IMAGE ESTIMATION BY EXAMPLE: Geophysical Soundings Image ...

I found an answer from web.stanford.edu

TSP 5.1 Reference Manual

developed by economists (starting with Version **1** in 1967) and most of its .... left
and on the right are not **equal**; otherwise **it** is **zero**. < .LT. gives the value **1** when
the variable on ...... have a variable variance (but **still** have **zero** conditional mean
) over the .... Finally the interpreted form of the command is shown, **exactly** as **it** is.

For more information, see TSP 5.1 Reference Manual

I found an answer from sepwww.stanford.edu

GEOPHYSICAL ESTIMATION BY EXAMPLE

Mar 12, 2008 **...** Dividing by **zero** smoothly • Damped solution • Smoothing the de- ..... **exactly** how
the many interesting illustrations in this book were .... sounding devices to a
geophysical image, a **1**-, 2-, or 3-dimensional ...... events have **unequal**
amplitudes, but after enough iterations **they** are **equal**, ...... **0.00000000**.

For more information, see GEOPHYSICAL ESTIMATION BY EXAMPLE

I found an answer from en.wikipedia.org

Wikipedia:Reference desk archive/Science/October 2005 - Wikipedia

Very possibly, many cases were not diagnosed, some of them are **still** hidden, .....
You can't say that **i** is "**equal** to the square root of -**1**", because "the square root of
..... So your first three lines are doing **exactly** what **I** did above, only nowhere in ....
**One** way to cut this down that hopefully will not happen, is to reduce **it** to **zero**, ...

For more information, see Wikipedia:Reference desk archive/Science/October 2005 - Wikipedia

I found an answer from ntrs.nasa.gov

(OSAC)

Aug 11, 1993 **...** If the inner radius, R1, is **zero**, then the center "ring" has only **one** ..... OSAC is run
in **exactly** the same way for a toroidal surface as for any ...... (Note: GEN (**1**)
**equals** VAL (0, **I**) as specified by the user in ...... **perfect** focus at the second
ellipse's back focus. ...... Note that the x and y scales are **unequal**, giving.

For more information, see (OSAC)

The doubt seems valid.

But unless you specify the position of 1 in the number, the notation does mean nothing. Mean to say, the given notation itself is incorrect and doesn't fit any existing numbering systems.

So the given number is neither zero nor anything else.