Sangeetha Pulapaka

    As the Father of gods and men, Zeus is a very difficult god to understand. Although Gaia [Mother Earth] is the actual progenitor of the Immortals, Zeus was proclaimed to be the Father of the gods after he led his brothers and sisters, along with other disenfranchised Immortals, against the Titans in a long and bitter war. Zeus became the literal Father of men when he created men and gave them homes on the face of the earth. As a punishment for the men he had created, Zeus created the first women.


    Zeus was born when the earth and the heavens were almost complete. The Immortals who preceded Zeus were in existence when the earth was still in chaos and there were no human inhabitants. The primal gods and goddesses formed the foundations for a habitable environment on the surface of the earth but their creation was populated only by what we would consider to be lower life forms and monsters.

    Gaia and Ouranos [Heavens] began the cycle of life that eventually gave rise to a race of formidable Immortals know as the Titans who in turn mated with one another to create Zeus and the other more benevolent gods and goddesses.

    Zeus is a son of Titans. The Titans are twelve children born to of Ouranos and Gaia. They were the first Immortals to assume the guise of human beings but they were not humane or in any way human-like. Their reign as the dominate force on earth was one of impropriety and deplorable excesses. Ouranos saw the outrageous behavior of his children and gave them the name Titans, which means Strainers or Stretchers. Ouranos foresaw that they would eventually pay a heavy price for their indulgences because they strained and stretched the bounds of propriety and abused their seemingly limitless powers. Not all of their deeds are recorded but it is clear that the most outrageous of the Titan gods was the youngest, Kronos.

    Ouranos was the first child of Gaia and she assumed that he would be her companion and subordinate ... she was wrong. Ouranos became more and more demanding until Gaia finally had no choice but to enlist the assistance of her Titan children to subdue him. Kronos was the only one to step forward and confront Ouranos ... he attacked his father, mutilated his manhood and took away his authority. Eventually Kronos became as domineering as his father had been but his tyranny was not destined to last. Gaia and Ouranos told Kronos of a prophecy in which one of his sons would defeat him and become the new master of heaven and earth.

    Kronos did not understand that the prophecy that Gaia and Ouranos had given him was not something he could avoid ... it was his destiny and there was nothing he could do to change it. From his home on the peaks of Mount Olympos, Kronos inflicted his will on his brothers and sisters as well as the other children of Gaia and Ouranos ... he thought his sovereignty would be eternal. He married his sister Rheia and they began to have children. In a vain attempt to thwart his destiny, Kronos swallowed each of his children as soon as they were born.